There are several reasons why a tooth might need extraction. A tooth that has become affected with severe tooth decay may threaten the health of the surrounding teeth and gums. If no other treatment will be able to save it, it will have to be extracted to preserve the health of the mouth. Impacted wisdom teeth also require extraction as they could also lead to infection in addition to causing discomfort. Some patients simply have too many teeth (crowded teeth) that cannot fit in a healthy arrangement in the mouth. This is more common for the preparation of orthodontic treatment. Occasionally, a child will have a baby tooth that does not fall out when it should. Because there has to be room for the permanent tooth to come in, the baby tooth will have to be pulled out.
There are two types of tooth extractions. A simple extraction can be performed when a tooth is visible above the gum line and can be removed using forceps. An anesthetic will be used to numb the area first. On the other hand, if the problem lies deeper within the gum line, such as if the tooth has not fully erupted, a surgical extraction will be performed.
Anesthesia is also used for a surgical extraction: if only one tooth is being removed, a local anesthetic can be used; if multiple teeth are being removed, a general anesthetic can be administered to leave you sedated for the duration of the procedure. An incision will be made into the gum tissue to reveal the tooth. Your dentist will then grip the tooth and loosen it by pulling it back and forth until it can be lifted from the gums. If it’s lodged too firmly in place, it may have to be broken up into smaller pieces before being removed. Sutures may be necessary to close the area following extraction.
If you are having issues with a tooth, make an appointment at White Rock Dental in Dallas. Our dentist will be able to examine your teeth and, if necessary, perform a pain-free extraction to restore your comfort.